The Department of Automotive Engineering and Transports
The Department of Automotive Engineering and Transports was established on October 3rd 2011 following the restructuring of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca pursuant to the Law of National Education no. 1 of 2011 and inheriting the structure of two chairs: the Chair of Road Vehicles and Agricultural Equipment and the Chair of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics. The Chair of Road Vehicles and Agricultural Equipment started in 1962 by instructing engineers in the field of mechanization of agriculture and afterwards, in 1992, it began preparing engineers in the field of automotive engineering. In 2011, it started the education in the field of transportation engineering. Over time, this chair was led by personalities with great achievements, such as Professor Vasile Ionuț, Professor Victor Roș, Professor Nicolae Bățagă, Professor Petru Brânzaș. The Chair of Descriptive Engineering and Engineering Graphics functioned as a collective in other chairs after 1948 but it was in 1990 when it became a chair on its own, assuring the introductory engineering courses for the majority of students within the Polytechnic Institute of Cluj and afterwards within the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca. It was led by remarkable personalities, such as Professor Theodor Alb, Professor Cornelia Florea and Asoc. Prof. Liliana Noveanu.
The Department of Automotive Engineering and Transports serves three Bachelor programmes (4 years):
- Road Vehicles;
- Transport and Traffic Engineering;
- Machines and Equipment for Agriculture and Food Industry.
The following Master programmes are also being offered:
- Vehicle and Environment;
- Road Vehicles Logistics;
- Biosystems Engineering in Agriculture and Food Industry;
- Renewable Energys (in cooperation with the Department of Mechanical Engineering).
There are 40 active members of the academic staff in the department, either directly employed or consultant professors. Of these, 33 already earned their Doctor’s Degree and the other ones are PhD students. There are five PhD supervisors in the field of Mechanical Engineering – the broad field of Engineering Sciences. The department also enjoys the assistance of three consultant professors. The Department of Automotive Engineering and Transports has professional connections with renowned universities and institutions from Great Britain, Austria, France, Germany, Italy etc., which allows the assurance of preparation stages abroad for PhD students and implicitly their development in modern Engineering. Within the department, there is a functioning branch of the Society of Automobile Engineers of Romania (SIAR), a group of the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (SAE) and a group of Société des Ingénieurs de l’Automobile (SIA) of France. The members of the department are also members of other national and international professional societies.
Along the teaching activity, a major component of the department members’ activity is research in fields of interest. These are:
- Fuels and biofuels;
- Renewable energies;
- Internal combustion engines;
- Road vehicles;
- Road traffic – urban mobility;
- Environmental pollution;
- The study of surfaces with technical applications through the methods of Descriptive Geometry;
- The study of graphical language in the perception upon creativity in engineering thought;
- The study of shapes in projecting based on modern design criteria.
The Vehicle and Transportation Engineering Research Centre has been accredited in the department in 2010 and it has three laboratories:
- The research laboratory for engines and biofuels;
- The research laboratory for analysis and diagnosis of vehicles;
- The research laboratory for traffic and road security.
Since 2012, a unique laboratory in South-Eastern Europe functions within the department and that is the Laboratory of Testing, Research and Certification of internal combustion engines which work with biofuel, TESTECOCEL. Therefore the research capacity has been improved and an increase of research at an European and International level has been achieved. The project for this laboratory was awarded the Grand prize – the most active multiplier of European information from the academic environment at the Multipliers of European Information of Northern Transylvania Gala in 2010.
The department of Automotive Engineering and Transports also has other laboratories, where research and teaching activities are being performed:
- Laboratory of fuels and lubricants;
- Laboratory of renewable energy sources;
- Laboratory of control and reduction of sound pollution;
- Laboratory of computer aided design;
- Mobile environment laboratory;
- Descriptive geometry laboratory;
- Technical drawing laboratory;
- Industrial design laboratory;
- Computer graphics laboratory.
The Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics (MDM)
The Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics (MDM) was established on October 10th 2011 as a consequence of the restructuring of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca (pursuant to the National Education Law no. 1 of 2011). The department took over the structure of the Chair for Mechanisms, Precision Mechanics and Mechatronics and of the collective for the Physical Education and Sports courses.
The Chair of Mechanisms, Precision Mechanics and Mechatronics – predecessor of the Department as an academic structure within the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca followed in a natural succession, determined by the continued developed of other chair-typed structure, with other groups of courses: Agricultural Machines, Machine Elements, Descriptive Geometry and Technical Drawing, Modern languages. Each time, the coordination of the activities in these chairs was the responsibility of academic staff within the field of Theory (today: Science) of Machines and Mechanisms. Over time, the parted professors Dezideriu Maros, Emeric Szekely, Viorel Handra-Luca have kept the wish of continuous development alive.
This flame was passed on in generations through former associates of the mentioned professors and other new eagerly motivated members of staff. Therefore, passing through different stages of development – marked by the instruction of students in new fields, such as Precision Mechanics and Nanotechnologies (1992), then Mechatronics (1995), Mechatronic Systems Engineering (Master 2010) and Precision Engineering and Quality Management (Master 2010), we have come today to the structure of the Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics as part of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering within the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca.
The department works the activities concerning the courses: Science of Machines and Mechanisms (Mechanisms), Precision Mechanics, Mechatronics, Biomechanics, Mechanics, Physical Education and Sports for students in the field of Mechanical Engineering and for the students of all faculties within the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca.
The collective of the chair of Physical Education and Sports functioned firstly within the Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology. Since 2010, the chair underlies the Faculty of Mechanics, insuring all students of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca the teaching activities for the Physical Education and Sport classes.
There are 21 active staff in the department which are directly employed by the department; there are two consultant professors and doctoral students. The PhD supervision activity is supplied by five supervisors in the fields of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Engineering.
The Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics has professional collaborations with universities and institutions of prestige from France, Germany, Italy, USA, Finland etc., which allows undergraduate and graduate students to participate in preparation stages in their becoming as professionals in modern engineering. The material basis of the department for the teaching and research activities assures the realization of the consecrated basic principles: “teaching by practice” and “teaching by research”. These approaches favour interdisciplinarity as a basis for encouraging initiative and creativity.
Presently, the Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics works two BSc courses of study (4 years):
- Precision Mechanics and Nanotechnologies;
At the same time, the department coordinates two MSc programmes (2 years):
- Precision Engineering and Quality Management
- Mechatronic Systems Engineering.
The Mechatronics Research Centre is a unit of research within the Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics which was founded to achieve excellence in priority research fields at a national and international level. The Mechatronics Research Platform was approved in the structure of the department, which includes the following research structures:
- Mechatronics and energy laboratory;
- Intelligent reconfigurable systems laboratory.
- The research laboratory for mechanisms, machines and innovative engineering.
The Department of Mechanical Engineering
The Department of Mechanical Engineering is a collective formed through the 2011 merger of two chairs: the chair of Thermotechnics , Thermal Machines and Equipment and the Chair of Strength of Materials.
Since the establishment of the Institute of Mechanics in the year 1948 – the predecessor of the Polytechnic Institute of Cluj (1953), academic staff belonging to these two collectives participated in the organization of the teaching process through the staff who held leading positions at institute or faculty level and through preparing students in the fields of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial and Electrical Engineering.
The taught courses are essential in the engineering development: Termotechnics, Fluid mechanics and hidraulic machines, Material resistance, Elasticity theory, Numerical calculus Methods. The Chair of Termotechnics and Thermal Machines and Equipment coordinated over time more courses of study: Termotechnics (1949-1950), Internal combustion engines (1948-1951), Terrestrial transportation machines (1948-1953), Mecano-energetics (1950-1951), Thermal machines (1954-1958) and the Thermal Machines and Equipment course of study – founded in 1990 thanks to the efforts of Professor Teodor Mădărășan – this course of study is still available today.
The Termotechnics and Fluid Mechanics courses were taught at the majority of courses of study of the faculties of the mechanic and electric direction. Some members of the chair also occupied leading positions: prof. dr. doc. ing. Bazil Popa was the Rector of the Polytechnic Institute of Cluj between 1968 and 1976, Vicerector (1958-1968) and Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (1953-1958), Professor Teodor Mădărășan was Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (1992-2000), asoc. prof. Dumitru Tarcea was Vicedean of the Faculty of Electrotechnics (1968-1977) and Professor Liviu Vaida was Vicedean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (2004-2012).
The Strength of Materials course was taught since the beginning of the School of Junior Electromechanical Engineers of Cluj (1937-1948) and it was always in the syllabus of many courses of study in the Technical University. The Collective of Material Resistance was part of numerous organizational structures: from the year 1990 the collective constitute a separate entity until the 2011 development of the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
There were important personalities who marked the existence of the Strength of Materials group, among which: Dumitru Mocanu (founder and secretary in the Ministry of Transportation), Mihai Tripa (first Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Transport and Constructions), Ioan Păstrav (Vicedean and Vicerector of the Technical University) and Mihail Hărdău (Ministry of Education and Research).
Presently, the Department of Mechanical Engineering coordinates the teaching activities at the BSc course of study Thermal Systems and Equipment and at the MSc courses of study Heat Energy Management and Renewable Energy.
The Department of Mechanical Engineering uses well-equipped, state-of-the-art laboratories, used for teaching and research purposes.
Presently, there are 23 academic staff hired at the department, the majority of which has the scientific PhD title; the department also enjoys the activity of four PhD supervisors in the fields of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Engineering.
Within the department, there are teaching activities which are marked in time by the large number of teaching papers published as classes or laboratory advice, problem volumes and research activities in many fields which operate within the disciplinary framework of the department. Among the most important of them, we mention: the optimization of burning processes, the intensification of thermal transfer, simulation of flow and climatization processes, energetic cogeneration and tri-generation systems, optimization of cooling systems, thermal solar systems, strain-stress analysis in machine parts, materials testing and characterization, optical methods of experimental analysis in the mechanics of the deformable solid, numerical methods in engineering.
There are two accredited research structures within the department: the Laboratory of Instrumental Analysis, Advanced Flow and Heat Transfer Investigation Group. Other than this, the department also disposes of other laboratories with didactic and research character.